The Convention on International Trade In Endangered Species (CITES) is meant to protect endangered species from, as they put it, overexploitation as a result of international trade.   Endangered species protected by CITES are listed in three appendices.  Appendix I includes the most endangered, Appendix II lists those that could quickly become endangered if trade is not strictly controlled and Appendix III includes those species that member states have requested be listed in order to facilitate cooperation among countries (to ensure that their existing trade controls are known and respected, to avoid over-exploitation).

The full text of the Convention can be found on the CITES website, along with the Appendices.  The website is not easy on the eyes!

The following primates appear in each Appendix:

Appendix I (all common names primarily sourced from the IUCN Red List)

International trade in these species is prohibited, with non-commercial exceptions.

Howler and prehensile-tailed monkeys

Alouatta coibensis (Coiba Island Howler Monkey)
Alouatta palliata (South Pacific Blackish Howler, Ecuadorian Mantled Howler, Golden-mantled Howler, Mexican Howler)
Alouatta pigra (Guatemalan Howler, Black Howler)
Ateles geoffroyi frontatus (Black Browed Spider Monkey, Red-bellied Spider Monkey)
Ateles geoffroyi panamensis (Panama Spider Monkey, Red Spider Monkey)
Brachyteles arachnoides (Southern Muriqui, Woolly Spider Monkey)
Brachyteles hypoxanthus (Northern Muriqui)
Oreonax flavicauda (Peruvian Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey)

New world monkeys

Callimico goeldii (Geoldi’s Monkey, Goeldi’s Marmoset, Goeldi’s Tamarin)
Callithrix aurita (Buffy-tufted ear Marmoset, White-eared Marmoset)
Callithrix flaviceps (Buffy-headed Marmoset, White-eared Marmoset, White-headed Marmoset)
Leontopithecus spp. (Lion Tamarins)
Saguinus bicolor (Bare-Faced Tamarin, Pied Bare-face Tamarin, Pied Tamarin, Brazilian Bare-faced Tamarin)
Saguinus geoffroyi (Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Rufous-naped Tamarin)
Saguinus leucopus (White-footed Tamarin, Silvery-brown Bare-faced Tamarin,  Silvery-brown Bare-face Tamarin)
Saguinus martinsi (Martin’s Bare-face Tamarin)

Saguinus oedipus (Cotton-top Tamarin, Pinche Marmoset, Cotton Head Tamarin, Cotton-Tops, Liszt Monkey)
Saimiri oerstedii (oerstedii oerstedii – Black-crowned Central American Squirrel Monkey, oerstedii citrinellus – Grey-crowned Central American Squirrel Monkey)

Old world monkeys

Cercocebus galeritus (galeritus galeritus – Tana River Mangabey, galeritus sanjei – Sanje Mangabey)
Cercopithecus diana (Diana Monkey)
Cercopithecus roloway (Roloway Monkey)
Macaca silenus (Lion-Tailed Macaque, Liontail Macaque)
Mandrillus leucophaeus (Drill)
Mandrillus sphinx (Mandrill, Rib-faced Baboon)
Nasalis larvatus (Proboscis Monkey)
Piliocolobus kirkii (Kirk’s Red Colobus, Zanzibar Red Colobus)
Piliocolobus rufomitratus (Eastern Red Colobus, Tana River Red Colobus)
Presbytis potenziani (Mentawai Langur, Mentawai Leaf Monkey)
Pygathrix spp. (Doucs)
Rhinopithecus spp. (Snub-nosed Monkeys)
Semnopithecus ajax (Chamba Sacred Langur, Dark-eyed Himalayan Langur, Himalayan Gray Langur, Himalayan Grey Langur, Kashmir Gray Langur, Western Himalayan Langur)
Semnopithecus dussumieri (Dussumier’s Malabar Langur, Dussumier’s Sacred Langur, Southern Plains Gray Langur)
Semnopithecus entellus (Bengal Hanuman Langur, Northern Plains Gray Langur)
Semnopithecus hector (Gray Langur, Hanuman Langur, Lesser Hill Langur, Tarai Gray Langur, Tarai Sacred Langur)
Semnopithecus hypoleucos (Black-footed Gray Langur, Dark-legged Malabar Langur, Malabar Sacred Langur)
Semnopithecus priam (Tufted Gray Langur)
Semnopithecus schistaceus (Central Himalayan Langur, Nepal Gray Langur)
Simias concolor (Pig-tailed Langur, Pig-tailed Snub-nosed Monkey)
Trachypithecus geei (Gee’s Golden Langur, Gee’s Golden Langur, Golden Leaf Monkey)
Trachypithecus pileatus (Bonneted Langur, Capped Langur, Capped Leaf Monkey, Capped Monkey)
Trachypithecus shortridgei (Shortridge’s Langur)

Dwarf lemurs

Cheirogaleidae spp. (dwarf lemurs and mouse lemurs)

Aye-Aye –

Daubentonia madagascariensis

Great Apes

Gorilla beringei (Eastern Gorilla, Mountain Gorilla)
Gorilla gorilla (Lowland Gorilla, Western Gorilla)
Pan spp. (Pan paniscus – Bonobo, Dwarf Chimpanzee, Gracile Chimpanzee, Pygmy Chimpanzee, and Pan troglodyte and sub-species – Chimpanzee, Common Chimpanzee, Robust Chimpanzee)
Pongo abelii (Sumatran Orangutan)
Pongo pygmaeus (Bornean Orangutan)


Hylobatidae spp.

Lemurs, family Indriidae

Indriidae spp. (avahi, indris, sifakas, woolly lemurs)

Lemurs, family Lemuridae –

Lemuridae spp. (True Lemurs)

Lemurs, family Lepilemuridae (Sportive –

Lepilemuridae spp. (Sportive Lemurs)


Nycticebus spp. (Slow Lorises)

Family Pitheciidae  –

Cacajao spp. (Uakaris)
Chiropotes albinasus (Red-nosed Bearded Saki, Red-nosed Saki, White-nosed Bearded Saki, White-nosed Saki)

Appendix II

Quoted from the Appendices pages of the CITES website:  “International trade in specimens of Appendix-II species may be authorized by the granting of an export permit or re-export certificate. No import permit is necessary for these species under CITES (although a permit is needed in some countries that have taken stricter measures than CITES requires). Permits or certificates should only be granted if the relevant authorities are satisfied that certain conditions are met, above all that trade will not be detrimental to the survival of the species in the wild.”

All other primate species not listed in Appendix I should appear in Appendix II

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: