Monkeys are represented in the arts of the ancient peoples of the south coast of Peru (the Ica region) – notably, the Paracas (c. 800-100 BCE) and the Nasca (c. 100 BCE-800 CE). Two objects found in the Metropolitan Museum collection in New York are especially note-worthy. A double-spouted, ceramic bottle with a projecting relief figure of a monkey from the Nasca Culture dates from c. first century BCE to first century CE (about 6 inches high, accession no. 63.232.46, on display in gallery 357). Human features, plant motifs and forehead ornaments suggest the container is an example of the “Mythical Monkey” theme, a subject that often appears on late Paracas and early Nasca textiles. A ceramic drum with figures of monkeys is common to the Paracas Culture, and dates from around the 4th to the 2nd century BCE (16 inches high, accession no. 64.228.188, on display in gallery 684). Music was important to most celebrations in ancient Peru – songs related the history and the mythology of the people.
See also: http://www.metropolitanmuseum.org/toah/hd/muan/hd_muan.htm (“Music in the Ancient Andes”)
Maritime Communities of the Ancient Andes, D. H. Sandweiss (author, ed.) and G. Prieto ed.), 2020.